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Category Archives: Schexnayder

Haydel and Muggah

It is the year 2015 and I am still busy researching. With constant communication on 23andme, Gedmatch.com, Ancestry.com and Facebook, it appears I am neglecting my blog.

This past month I have posted that Ambroise Heidel is my 7th great grandfather. Vilmont Schexnayder’s 3rd great grandfather.The Whitney Plantation, originally known as Habitation Haydel, is located less than an hour from New Orleans, on the historic River Road in Wallace, Louisiana. Ambroise Heidel (1702-ca.1770), the founder of this plantation, emigrated from Germany to Louisiana with his mother and siblings in 1721. The plantation has been in the news lately due to the museum has been remodeled to make slavery the central focus.
I am also taking the time to read books in my busy schedule. I am reading at this time a book call Bouki Fait Gombo: A History of the Slave Community of Habitation Haydel (Whitney Plantation) Louisiana, 1750-1860 by Ibrahima Seck. The book mentions the Haydels, Schexnayders and the Roussels. If you recalled from earlier postings the Roussels were the last slave holder of Vilmont Schexnayder.

Whitney plantation whitney-plantation

This past January, I finally verified my lineage to James Milne Muggah Sr. Born about 1785 in Facteabers in Barissehore, Scotland and moved to Patterson Louisiana. A direct descendant of James Milne Muggah’s granddaughter Margaret Mackey Muggah, also did his DNA testing through 23andme. My new found cousins were gracious enough to share a picture of the homestead and the picture of Jame Milne Muggah Jr. It has been a great to find my European lineage with extended roots, but I still feel compel to find which son of James Sr. is my direct lineage and still have Arabella’s parents to find. At least I have Arabella’s name, unlike Vilmont’s mother.

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Yvette Schexnayder Calloway

 

Yvette Schexnayder

Yvette Schexnayder

On July 19, 2014 I attended the Schexnayder Family Reunion held in Houston, Texas. We were bless to have present my oldest living Schexnayder ancestor Yvette Schexnayder Calloway, she is 93 years young. She was escorted by her son Alfred Calloway. She was honored with a beautiful bouquet, love and admiration from everybody in the room.  Yvette was born in Patterson, Louisiana. Her parents McClennan Schexnayder Jr, and Sybil Chapman. She married Clarence Coleman Calloway around 1940. She had four sons and one daughter. She also had the honored several years ago by the city of Houston, by naming a park after her in the South MacGregor area.  Stated by Jennifer Friedberg, “Calloway earned the honor by serving as a precinct judge, civic club leader and organizer of a MacGregor cleanup crew. Yvette worked to keep the South MacGregor neighborhood clean, beautiful and safe, ensuring that South MacGregor be re-engineered to prevent cars from running into homes or the bayou,” stated by TIRZ board chair Zinetta Burney. Calling in via cellphone, U.S. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, D-Houston, thanked Calloway and her family.”They’re an institution,” she said. She cited Calloway’s “feistiness” and said she “is deserving of the admiration, respect and commendation of Congress. She is a jewel of Texas.”

Yvette Schexnayder Calloway

               Yvette Schexnayder Calloway        

Yvette's children

Yvette’s children:  Kenneth, Ercelle, Alfred and Clarence M. Calloway

Yvette’s son Troy Calloway

 

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Battle of Port Hudson

USCT recruitment-broadside_2 (1)

USCT at Port Hudson Courtesy of the National Archives

9th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Port Hudson, La., September 2, 1863. Attached to Ullman’s Brigade, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Corps de Afrique, to March, 1864. Garrison, Port Hudson, to April, 1864.

SERVICE.–Garrison duty at Port Hudson, La., until April, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 81st United States Colored Troops April 4, 1864.

81st Regiment Infantry

Organized April 4, 1864, from 9th Corps de Afrique Infantry. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1864. Consolidated with 88th and 89th United States Colored Troops July 6, 1864, to form new 77th United States Colored Troops. Reorganized July, 1864, by consolidation of 87th and 95th United States Colored Troops. Attached to Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, United States Colored Troops, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. Garrison of Port Hudson, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1865. Dept. of the Gulf to January, 1866.

SERVICE.–Post and garrison duty at Port Hudson, La., and in the Dept. of the Gulf entire term. Mustered out January 30, 1866.

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Heart of Louisiana: Battle of Port Hudson – FOX 8 WVUE New Orleans News, Weather, Sports. (LINK)

memorial Vilmont Schexnayder

Sons & Daughters United States Colored Troop

The Sons and Daughters of the United States Colored Troops (S&DUSCT) is chartered by the African-American Civil War Memorial Freedom Foundation(AACWMFF) (LINK) to augment the Foundation’s mission to use the high visibility of the National Monument ” the Spirit of Freedom ” and the names of 209, 143 U.S. Colored Troops to change the way American History is taught and to motivate young people, especially African-Americans, to civic pride and patriotism on a national basis.

 

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Louisiana’s Code Noir (1724) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed

Listed are excerpts from the Louisiana’s Code Noir (Black Code/Slave code) 1774:

II. Permits the exercise of the Roman Catholic creed only. Every other mode of worship is prohibited.

My ancestors were only to practice Catholicism. 

IV. Negroes placed under the direction or supervision of any other person than a Catholic, are liable to confiscation.

You converted to Catholicism if you wanted to keep your Negroes without the fear, that they will be confiscated by the government.

V. Sundays and holidays are to be strictly observed. All Negroes found at work on these days are to be confiscated.   

Negroes did not work on Sunday nor holiday

VI. We forbid our white subjects, of both sexes, to marry with the blacks, under the penalty of being fined and subjected to some other arbitrary punishment. We forbid all curates, priests, or missionaries of our secular or regular clergy, and even our chaplains in our navy to sanction such marriages. We also forbid all our white subjects, and even the manumitted or free-born blacks, to live in a state of concubinage with blacks. Should there be any issue from this kind of intercourse, it is our will that the person so offending, and the master of the slave, should pay each a fine of three hundred livres. Should said issue be the result of the concubinage of the master with his slave, said master shall not only pay the fine, but be deprived of the slave and of the children, who shall be adjudged to the hospital of the locality, and said slaves shall be forever incapable of being set free. But should this illicit intercourse have existed between a free black and his slave, when said free black had no legitimate wife, and should said black marry said slave according to the forms prescribed by the church, said slave shall be thereby set free, and the children shall also become free and legitimate ; and in such a case, there shall be no application of the penalties mentioned in the present article.

Marriage is not allowed between white folks and black folks. Whites, manumitted or free-born blacks cannot shack up/have sex with slaves. Now if they did not listen to this law and had a baby, the slave master has to pay 300 livres (France currency) Now if the master was the parent of the child, the master paid the fine and the slave mother and child would be removed from the master and lost any rights of being free. But if a free black man is the parent of his slave’s child and he is not married, he will married the slave woman. She and her child will become free.

VIII. We forbid all curates to proceed to effect marriages between slaves without proof of the consent of their masters; and we also forbid all masters to force their slaves into any marriage against their will.   

Priests are forbidden to married slaves without their masters permission. 

IX. Children, issued from the marriage of slaves, shall follow the condition of their parents, and shall belong to the master of the wife and not of the husband, if the husband and wife have different masters.

Slave marriages can occurred between two slaves of different masters, their children would belong to the wife’s slave master. 

X. If the husband be a slave, and the wife a free woman, it is our will that their children, of whatever sex they may be, shall share the condition of their mother, and be as free as she, notwithstanding the servitude of their father; and if the father be free and the mother a slave, the children shall all be slaves.

If a child is free or slave depends whether the mother is free or slave. Father’s status does not matter.

XV. We forbid Negroes to sell any commodities, provisions, or produce of any kind, without the written permission of their masters, or without wearing their known marks or badges, and any persons purchasing any thing from Negroes in violence of this article, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of 1500 livres.

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LIII. We command all manumitted slaves to show the pro foundest respect to their former masters, to their widows and children, and any injury or insult offered by said manumitted slaves to their former masters, their widows or children- shall be punished with more severity than if it had been offered to any other person. We, however, declare them exempt from the discharge Of all duties or services, and from the payment of all taxes or fees, or any thing else which their former masters might, in their quality of patrons, claim either in relation to their persons, or to their personal or real estate, either during the life or after the death of said manumitted slaves.

Once a slave is free, he better not act like a fool and show disrespect to the ex-master, his wife and children or he will be punished more severe than he could ever imagined.

LIV. We grant to manumitted slaves the same rights, privileges, and immunities which are enjoyed by free-born persons. It is our pleasure that their merit in having acquired their freedom, shall produce in their favor, not only with regard to their persons, but also to their property, the same effects which our other subjects derive from the happy circumstance of their having been born free.
In the name of the King,
Bienville, De la Chaise.

I have not found a direct line ancestor that was manumitted in Louisiana.

Photo courtesy of http://www.ebay.com/itm/STAR-PLANTATION-STRAW-BOSS-SLAVE-TAG-LOUISIANA-/161100461052

 

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